How Long Will Administrative Processing Take

How Long Will Administrative Processing Take To Complete?

Just saying the words “administrative processing” puts fear into most immigrants minds. Even though we actually don’t know what the term means or what the process entails, it is still terrifying to have your case put into administrative processing (or better known as AP). The number one question most people ask is “how long will administrative processing take to complete“.

We will go into depth about what can cause your case to be put into administrative processing as well as the timeline you can expect to get an answer. The immigration process itself is not very transparent and many couples are frustrated with the lack of information provided about their case in these situations.

If you are approved without any setbacks and being placed in administrative processing, count yourself lucky. Especially if you are applying from high fraud countries where you are almost always automatically placed into AP (given form 221g) after the visa interview. Sometimes, it has nothing to do with how well the interview went and more to do with a requirement of the US consulate or embassy abroad.

Just this fact alone is a reason for many immigrants to fear the administrative processing ruling for their case. Good news is that even in you are placed in AP, you have a good chance of being approved once the review of your case is over. Since you will not be told why you were placed into administrative processing, all you can do is guess. There are a few common reasons that a case can be placed on administrative processing, and this may help some of you come to terms with the review process.

Top Reasons To Be Placed On Administrative Processing

Interestingly, you are placed on administrative processing right after the interview and not during the initial review of your case. So, it is a good sign that you made it this far into the immigration process because you were not quickly denied due to lack of evidence or a bona fide relationship.

Next, we need to look at some of the weak spots of your case and this can vary from couple to couple.

  • Not enough evidence of bona fide relationship
    • The term “bona fide relationship” means that you genuinely want to be in a relationship with your fiance or spouse for love and not to gain immigration benefits. USCIS is aware that marriage is the fastest way to a green card and US citizenship and they work hard to determine which couples are sincere and which ones are trying to game the system.
    • If your relationship is real, then you should be able to get through administrative processing without problems. If you are sent a request for evidence (RFE) make sure to reply to it as soon as possible to avoid denial due to abandonment of your petition.
  • Can’t prove adequate income and no sponsor
    • If your US citizen partner does not make enough money to support you, you will need a joint sponsor. However, many couples have difficulty finding someone willing to be a joint sponsor due to the legally binding contract with the US government. In this case, your petition will be placed in AP until you can prove that there is sufficient income to support the intending immigrant.
    • Remember, the joint sponsor does not need to be related to the US citizen. So you can ask just about anyone as long as they are a US citizen, have filed their taxes and meet the income requirement on their own for their household size (plus the immigrant).
  • Previous visa denials on your record
    • Any prior visa denials will make it more difficult for you to get a K1 visa or a CR1 visa. This is just a fact and the only thing you can do to improve your chances are to be honest and upfront about the denial. There are many couples who have been denied a K1 visa and turn around and apply for a CR1 spouse visa that end up getting approved after being placed in AP.
    • If you have ever been petitioned for a K1 visa or CR1 visa by another US citizen, your case will be looked at more intensely. This may look like you, the beneficiary, are looking for a way out of your home country and any US citizen is good enough. Be careful about lying on any visa applications and to your partner because detailed questions will be asked at your interview.
  • Extensive criminal background
    • Having minor criminal infractions will not bar you from being approved for a fiance or spouse visa, but it may cause a delay due to the background check. Make sure that you answer honestly about your entire criminal history and not just your convictions. This will avoid any issues that may come up later during administrative processing.
    • Some immigrants have very common names and this can cause you to be placed on administrative processing if your name is flagged by the FBI. It will take time for the consulate or embassy to sort everything out and make sure they are not allowing a fugitive or a wanted terrorist into the country.
  • Immigration or marriage fraud
    • I probably don’t need to go into detail about what marriage fraud is, but for those who don’t know, it is a marriage to gain immigration benefits. Although the vast majority of couples are truly in love, there are those who know how to scam the immigration system and this causes delays for everyone. Many US citizens get duped into an engagement or marriage thinking that their partner loves them only to find out once they are in the US that it was all a lie. Protect yourself, your children and your assets and make sure that your relationship is genuine.
    • There are also “cartels” out there that make a lot of money by charging immigrants who want to marry a US citizen to receive a green card. In this situation, the US citizen is in on it and will be paid as well. These cases can sometimes be difficult to find but there are tell-tale signs of immigration and marriage fraud. If you care caught in this type of scam, you can expect a lifetime ban from the US.

      administrative processing

How Long Will Administrative Processing Take?

This is probably the number one question that most immigrants ask and the answer is “it depends”. If your case is solid and straightforward, it may take as little as 2-3 weeks to hear back from the consulate or embassy. However, if your case is more complicated due to the reasons above, it can take from a few months to several years.

I know that it is devastating to have your future put into limbo, but you have to keep faith in your relationship. The vast majority of genuine couples that are placed in administrative processing are eventually approved. It may seem like forever but try to focus on the rest of your life with your fiance or spouse. That is what is most important. Think of AP as just another road bump to your life in America.

Many high fraud countries place every single applicant into administrative processing regardless of the amount of evidence you have. Knowing this can help reduce stress during the interview, since there isn’t much you can do to avoid AP. If you are from countries such as Nigeria or India, you will likely be put in AP for a long period of time and this may just be a policy of the consulate or embassy in those countries.

During administrative processing, there will be further background checks and reviews of your case. If USCIS suspects your relationship is a fraud, you may be on AP for a long period of time so that you give up on your case. Most couples end up breaking up because of this unknown waiting period which is really sad.

Don’t give up on your relationship just because someone else doesn’t believe in it.

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WASEEM AHMED
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WASEEM AHMED

Dear i have conduct my interview on july 21 2016 the consular officer asked me to provide new joint sponsor but good new is they kept my passport and said at end of interview there is no problem with your case just provide us new joint sponsor affidavit support . i just wanna ask is there anything wrong or not
how much time they will required approved my visa

Kiran
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Kiran

Hey Waseem,

Just a quick question to help myself, are you still under AP or you have received the answer? If so how long it took? I will appreciate the help. 🙂

Thank you
Kiran Ijaz

len
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len

hello, i had my fiancee visa interview last dec 8 and i was placed on administrative processing and kept my passport because they found my family did a fraud on their documents will my case be affected ?

Kiran Ijaz
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Kiran Ijaz

Hello Ayan, Dear my husband had his interview on October 13 2016 (Islamabad Embassy in Pakistan) and the consular officer asked to provide new joint sponsor and kept his passport said at end of interview there is no problem with your case just provide us new joint sponsor affidavit support .How ever we submit our new joint sponsor affidavit on Oct 19 2016 and since then we are tracking it on ceac.state.gov website. It been over 2 months and dates are getting change but it always says Under AP processing. I wonder what it could be? even website says most… Read more »

Mye
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Mye

Hi Ayan, I had my interview recently for K1-Fiance visa. I was asked to provide a proof of US Democile of my fiancee but i was not able to provide it. The consular advised us to get married first and re-apply for spousal visa. My question is, since we received a 221g form with checklist of missing documents, is it possible to send them the required proof even if i was told to get married first and re-apply? We are compiling the documents now and will be sending it next week. I have checked our visa status and it says… Read more »

amit
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amit

hi i was interview in june and was ask for a join interview after that interview they ask for some more picture and say we hear back like in 6 weeks from them.after a month we email them and they say the case have to go uscis and we need to wait to hear frm them after 2 months call the us embassy in new york and the say the case still in guyana when email guyana he say case pending transfer then call a few weeks after in th us the say case in guyana yet when ask the… Read more »

khaleed
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khaleed

Hi. My interview took place on april 2017 in dhaka, bangladesh and they kept my documents and passport. I needed to submit a new joint sponsorship which i did after 2 weeks. since then my case is under AP. i wonder what do they do during this time and how much more time will they take?

A.D
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A.D

Hello, After a DV visa interview they said that everything is ok and we will receive our passports and visas as soon as we sent them back the police records (showed in original) and translation of these documents by office because at the time of the interview the documents were not translated. We sent the documents back 2 days after the interview with the translation as requested and the documents correctly reached the embassy as we could see in the tracking of the shipment. As we did not receive any news from some day, we asked them and they replied… Read more »

ali
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ali

My visa interview data was 11 January 2018, and I was given a blue slip for visa approved. Then from 17 January my visa status is stuck in Administrative Processing. I had send them the email about my Visa status and they responded “In response to your query, we would like to inform you that your visa application is under processing at the Embassy/Consulate. Most administrative processing is resolved within 60 days of your visa interview or the submission of supplemental documents, whichever is later. When additional administrative processing is required, the length of processing time will vary based on… Read more »

Jeremy
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Jeremy

Dear Ayan, My Chinese fiancé has prior non-meaningful membership with the Chinese Communist Party. We’ve been in administrative processing for over 11 months. Is there anything we can do? Any steps? My local congressman has queried the status a few times, but even that hasn’t helped. We just want to marry and begin our lives, this process really prevents all of that. I don’t understand. We spent in aggregate months in the evenings after work and school to carefully prepare everything. We did our part, why won’t the government do their part and let us experience our happy ever after?!?!

The Truth
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The Truth

Because, Jeremy, your government doesn’t give a damn that you pay the very taxes that fund it, and has no incentive to prioritize your case. Your fiancee coming here legally means she won’t be able to take a job paying $3/hour under the table, which hurts the bottom line. Maybe if she’d walked across the southern border you’d have politicians who cared about your family.